Grades 3—5, 6—8, 9—12 From InAmericans celebrated the bicentennial, or th anniversary, of the signing of the Constitution of the United States. This document, which has served as "the Supreme Law of the Land" for more than two centuries, is the world's oldest written constitution still in use. The United States Constitution is a system of basic laws and principles that defines the rights of American citizens and sets limits on what the government can and cannot do.
Visit Website The Articles of Confederation gave Congress the power to govern foreign affairs, conduct war and regulate currency; however, in reality these powers were sharply limited because Congress had no authority to enforce its requests to the states for money or troops.
Visit Website Did you know? George Washington was initially reluctant to attend the Constitutional Convention. Although he saw the need for a stronger national government, he was busy managing his estate at Mount Vernon, suffering from rheumatism and worried that the convention wouldn't be successful in achieving its goals.
Soon after America won its independence from Great Britain with its victory in the American Revolutionit became increasingly evident that the young republic needed a stronger central government in order to remain stable.
InAlexander Hamiltona lawyer and politician from New Yorkcalled for a constitutional convention to discuss the matter. The Confederation Congress, which in February endorsed the idea, invited all 13 states to send delegates to a meeting in Philadelphia.
There were 55 delegates in attendance, representing all 13 states except Rhode Islandwhich refused to send representatives because it did not want a powerful central government interfering in its economic business.
Many had served in the Continental Army, colonial legislatures or the Continental Congress known as the Congress of the Confederation as of In terms of religious affiliation, most were Protestants.
Eight delegates were signers of the Declaration of Independence, while six had signed the Articles of Confederation. Political leaders not in attendance at the convention included Thomas Jefferson and John Adamswho were serving as U. John JaySamuel Adams and John Hancock were also absent from the convention.
Reporters and other visitors were barred from the convention sessions, which were held in secret to avoid outside pressures.
Debating the Constitution The delegates had been tasked by Congress with amending the Articles of Confederation; however, they soon began deliberating proposals for an entirely new form of government. After intensive debate, which continued throughout the summer of and at times threatened to derail the proceedings, they developed a plan that established three branches of national government—executive, legislative and judicial.
A system of checks and balances was put into place so that no single branch would have too much authority. The specific powers and responsibilities of each branch were also laid out.
Among the more contentious issues was the question of state representation in the national legislature. Delegates from larger states wanted population to determine how many representatives a state could send to Congress, while small states called for equal representation.
The issue was resolved by the Connecticut Compromise, which proposed a bicameral legislature with proportional representation of the states in the lower house House of Representatives and equal representation in the upper house Senate.
Another controversial topic was slavery. For the purposes of taxation and determining how many representatives a state could send to Congress, it was decided that slaves would be counted as three-fifths of a person.
On September 17, George Washington was the first to sign the document. Of the 55 delegates, a total of 39 signed; some had already left Philadelphia, and three—George Mason and Edmund Randolph of Virginiaand Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts—refused to approve the document.
In order for the Constitution to become law, it then had to be ratified by nine of the 13 states. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, with assistance from John Jay, wrote a series of essays to persuade people to ratify the Constitution.
People who supported the Constitution became known as Federalists, while those opposed it because they thought it gave too much power to the national government were called Anti-Federalists.
Beginning on December 7,five states— DelawarePennsylvania, New JerseyGeorgia and Connecticut—ratified the Constitution in quick succession. However, other states, especially Massachusetts, opposed the document, as it failed to reserve undelegated powers to the states and lacked constitutional protection of basic political rights, such as freedom of speech, religion and the press.
In Februarya compromise was reached under which Massachusetts and other states would agree to ratify the document with the assurance that amendments would be immediately proposed.Academic qualification ensures success in life essay Law essays uk review american euthanasia essays harlequin ichthyosis research papers deckblatt dissertation innsbruck dissertation histoire constitution essay on nurture nature for our future argument about abortion Special Olympics 3rd South Asia Unified Cricket Competition.
The Constitution could guarantee justice and equity for what the government sometimes did, like being secretive, and corrupt, which violates and ignores the Constitution by following the money of corporations, lobbyists, and bankers that are destroying our country, freedoms, economy, and our way of life.
Essay on US Constitution Words | 4 Pages. Transformed beyond recognition from the vision of the Founding Fathers’. Discuss this view of the modern US constitution.
On March 4th the constitution of the United States of America came into effect. U.S Constitution essays In , a few years after America broke away from England, the constitution we use today was made.
Before that, starting in , the states operated under a government they called the "Articles of Confederation." This government basically said that each state shou. U.S Constitution essays In , a few years after America broke away from England, the constitution we use today was made.
Before that, starting in , the states operated under a government they called the "Articles of Confederation." This government basically said that each state shou. Free Essay: The Constitution The Constitution of the United States was written as a set of rules for this country.
As a country we have certain rights and Privileges gained simply by the fact that we are American citizens. We are also fortunate that these rights are protected through what is called the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.