Geographic characteristics and early history A dust storm approaches Stratford, Texasin
Visit Website This false belief was linked to Manifest Destiny —an attitude that Americans had a sacred duty to expand west. Rising wheat prices in the s and s and increased demand for wheat from Europe during World War I encouraged farmers to plow up millions of acres of native grassland to plant wheat, corn and other row crops.
But as the United States entered the Great Depressionwheat prices plummeted. Farmers tore up even more grassland in an attempt to harvest a bumper crop and break even. Crops began to fail with the onset of drought inexposing the bare, over-plowed farmland.
Without deep-rooted prairie grasses to hold the soil in place, it began to blow away. Eroding soil led to massive dust storms and economic devastation—especially in the Southern Plains.
When Was The Dust Bowl? Severe drought hit the Midwest and Southern Great Plains in Massive dust storms began in A series of drought years followed, further exacerbating the environmental disaster. Byan estimated 35 million acres of formerly cultivated land had been rendered useless for farming, while another million acres—an area roughly three-quarters the size of Texas—was rapidly losing its topsoil.
Regular rainfall returned to the region by the end ofbringing the Dust Bowl years to a close. The economic effects, however, persisted. Population declines in the worst-hit counties—where the agricultural value of the land failed to recover—continued well into the s.
Some of these carried Great Plains topsoil as far east as WashingtonD. Billowing clouds of dust would darken the sky, sometimes for days at a time.
In many places, the dust drifted like snow and residents had to clear it with shovels. Dust worked its way through the cracks of even well-sealed homes, leaving a coating on food, skin and furniture. Estimates range from hundreds to several thousand people.
On May 11,a massive dust storm two miles high traveled 2, miles to the East Coast, blotting out monuments such as the Statue of Liberty and the U. The worst dust storm occurred on April 14, News reports called the event Black Sunday. A wall of blowing sand and dust started in the Oklahoma Panhandle and spread east.
As many as three million tons of topsoil are estimated to have blown off the Great Plains during Black Sunday. Roosevelt established a number of measures to help alleviate the plight of poor and displaced farmers.
He also addressed the environmental degradation that had led to the Dust Bowl in the first place. These programs put local farmers to work planting trees as windbreaks on farms across the Great Plains.
Okie Migration Roughly 2. It was the largest migration in American history.
Oklahoma alone lostpeople to migration.Wind erosion was a terrible problem in the Great Plains of the United States in the 's during the Dust Bowl, and again in the drought of the 's. These "Black Blizzards" are the result of tiny soil particles (silts and clays) suspended high into the atmosphere.
The Dust Bowl was the name given to an area of the Great Plains (southwestern Kansas, Oklahoma panhandle, Texas panhandle, northeastern New Mexico, and southeastern Colorado) that was devastated by nearly a decade of drought and soil erosion during the s.
Economic depression coupled with extended drought, unusually high temperatures, poor agricultural practices and the resulting wind erosion all contributed to making the Dust Bowl.
The seeds of the Dust Bowl may have been sowed during the early s. Oct 27, · Watch video · The Dust Bowl was the name given to the drought-stricken Southern Plains region of the United States, which suffered severe dust storms during a dry period in the s.
What lessons learned and changes were implemented after the s Dust Bowl? and soil erosion, insects were another problem during the Dust Bowl years. What the drought didn't kill - the insects did. True. During the Dust Bowl years, heat records were set of which some still stand today.
Heat, Drought and Climate Change pt 2. 29 terms.
The Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent the aeolian processes (wind erosion) caused the phenomenon.