This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract An examination of oral communication education in Alabama USA identified four critical concerns. These concerns may be indicative of similar issues affecting oral communication education throughout the United States and beyond. Solutions to each concern are offered, and suggestions are provided about how decision-making bodies like state departments of education, regional accrediting agencies, the National Communication Association, and the like can address these concerns.
The participants in this study were twenty girls and twenty boys from 14 to 18 years old.
Oral participation in the study involved relevant factors, such as: The participants in this study were 78 students. The researchers used two different methods for two different groups; they divided students into experimental group in which was implemented a communicative method where were implemented language games to improve speaking skills, and a control group which was focused in a teacher- centered method in which teachers used real- life activities including the essential vocabulary to perform a conversation.
Pre-tests and post-tests were used as data collection instruments. Researchers analyzed the data collection by comparing pre- tests and post-tests of speaking elements between experimental and control groups in order to observe if the implementation of games had helped learners to improve speaking performance.
In relation to the second table there were a series of 4 questions; such as, if they enjoyed the activities, if they were able to do them, if they were able to follow the instructions, and if they improved communication after the activities.
A greater percentage of the pupils in the control group disagreed with Q2 and Q3, as compared to the pupils in the experimental group.
However, a higher percentage of pupils in the experimental group disagreed with Q4, as compared to the percentage of the pupils in the control group. The participants in this study were 33 students and 3 English teachers.
The researchers conducted three oral activities where students were observed then they received questionnaires and three experienced teachers where observed as well. Questionnaires, observations and interviews were used as data collection instruments.
The researchers carried out a series of questionnaires in Malay language were students could provide their opinions about the group work activities to improve speech skills and their consciousness of participation in those activities; the observations were analyzed to understand the participation and the behavior of students during the lessons, and the interviews were carried out with the three English teacher.
Therefore, making the students interested in the activity is one step ahead of conducting a successful language learning activity. In smaller groups, students learn to ask and receive help from the members.
Besides, the authors report that teachers agree with the implementation of team work to teach speaking. Games for language learning. How to teach speaking.
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|CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES | Rechelle Lucañas - ashio-midori.com||Speaking may be forced on him in the way but we still say that he wants or intends to speak, otherwise he would keep silent. According to Maybin|
Encouraging teenagers to improve speaking skills through games in a colombian public school.This literature review aims to bring together sources of information, including empirical research, practice based evidence and relevant theory that offer insights into how students develop their oral communication practices through their higher education (HE) experiences.
As this . Communication is a collaboration venture in which the interlocutors negotiate meaning in order to achieve their communication.
According to Widdowson ( 57) that speaking is an oral communication that gives information involves two elements, they are; the speaker who gives the message and the listener who recei ves the message in the world, the communication involves the productive skill of listening.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE INTRODUCTION The First chapter is a discussion of the background, aims and objectives The Review of literature The research studies The research studies conducted abroad done in India.
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Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature and Studies This chapter presents the related literature and studies after the thorough and in-depth search of the researchers REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE The review of the literature for this study focuses on therapeutic communication strategies appropriate to teenage patients in Mother Seton Hospital.
A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of . Literature review Several studies on the topic of language games and speaking skills present results concerning students’ improvement of language skills.
In Urrutia & Vega () research study, the data collected suggest that speaking is the most difficult skill to develop, students usually.