OCD Overview Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD is considered a type of anxiety disorder that involves recurring, unwanted obsessions and repetitive compulsions. Obsessions are intrusive thoughts that cause severe distress, despite the fact that the individual realizes that the obsessions represent exaggerated fears that are not likely to occur. These obsessions are worries that reach beyond anxiety about everyday problems. So upsetting are the obsessions that the individual attempts to counteract them with a specific behavior or neutralizing thought called a compulsion.
What the NIMH researchers have discovered is that childhood OCD is frequently associated with group A beta hemolytic streptococcal infections — strep throat! This research had its start a decade ago with the study of OCD's link to Sydenham's chorea, a now rare disease of childhood that was seen frequently before the age of antibiotics.
Once known as Saint Vitus' dance, Sydenham's is characterized by the sudden onset of neurological symptoms ranging from mild clumsiness and a tendency to drop objects to unrestrained flailing of the arms and delirium. Sydenham's, it has been discovered, is an autoimmune disease.
As with rheumatic fever, infections with streptococcal bacteria lead to the production of antibodies that double-cross the body: They kill not only streptococci but normal cells as well. In rheumatic fever, the heart is attacked; in Sydenham's chorea, the brain.
Brain-imaging studies of people suffering Sydenham's chorea demonstrate inflamed, bulging basal ganglias. OCD has long been known to bear a relationship to Sydenham's, which is characterized by obsessions and compulsions in over half of all cases. Exploring this relationship, Swedo and colleagues asked this question: Could some routine cases of childhood OCD be caused, like Sydenham's, by autoimmune damage to the basal ganglia?
They were astounded by the finding. It now appears possible that up to 25 percent of childhood OCD may, indeed, have this origin.
On the horizon is the remarkable possibility that large numbers of children with OCD may be effectively treated with penicillin.
University centers are already screening childhood OCDers for antistreptococcal antibodies and treating some cases with antibiotics. The NIMH researchers, whose offices are located not far from the National Zoo, have given a name to these immune system disorders that attack the basal ganglia: Therese suffered severe bouts of sore throat all of her life and finally died at twenty-four of a respiratory illness.
As a child, just prior to developing obsessive-compulsive disorder, Therese was confined to bed for a period of two months with a disorder of intermittent delirium she later referred to as "my strange sickness.
More about this book A multidisciplinary team of experts, including a psychiatrist, psychologist and endocrinologist collaborate to address distressing symptoms of hyper impulsivity, addiction and aggression.
Testing protocols and evidence-backed treatment methodology are utilized to ensure progress and to provide successful treatment. Gorbis talks about Body Dysmorphic order, its successful treatment methods, and resources for therapists at psychotherapy. From and until Dr.
She specializes in treatment of refractory cases of OCD and has integrated the most successful treatment modalities for OCD and complex comorbidities.Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry Volume 12|Issue 2 Article 5 June A Case Study of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Some Diagnostic Considerations.
Ask Dr. Mike! Frequently Asked Questions: Adolescence. Q: Hello My Name is Tina and I am working on my Bachalor's in Psychology. At the present time I am in Psychology of Adolescents, I am required to put togather a portfolio on all the topics in my text.
How to Stop OCD Real Choices to Stop OCD. Those suffering from obsessions or compulsions want to know one thing and one thing only; how to stop OCD.. Asking “How to stop OCD?” is simple.
Unfortunately getting a simple and easy to understand answers is not. Believe it or not, the Internet did not give rise to procrastination. People have struggled with habitual hesitation going back to ancient civilizations.
The Greek poet . Dr. Adkins is a licensed psychologist in Missouri and part of the Program for Psychology and Religion.
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She earned her Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) in Clinical Psychology from Wheaton College Graduate School, Wheaton, Illinois. A year-old woman with subtle paranoia and a history of mood cycling and obsessive preoccupations is brought by her family for treatment.
Only after she is given an antidepressant for her presumed obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) does she begin to have delusional thoughts.