What are the Major legal basis of Philippine educational system? Education in the Philippines changed radically, and was before patterned from both of educational systems of Spain and the United States. However, after the liberation of the… Philippines inFilipinos then had moved in various directions of its own. Elementary and high school education is compulsory, and is administered nationally by the Department of Education, along with the assurance of funding for school services and equipments, recruitment of teachers for all public schools, and the supervising and organization of the education curricula.
Preamble[ edit ] We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.
National Territory[ edit ] The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial, and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas.
The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines.
The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.
The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.
Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. Its goal is to secure the sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory. The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people.
The Government may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal, military or civil service. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy.
The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable. State Policies[ edit ] Section 7. The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy.
In its relations with other states, the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination. The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory.
The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all.
The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national development.
The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights. The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution.
It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. The natural and primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character shall receive the support of the Government.
The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being.
It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs. The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men.
The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them. The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature. The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development.
The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force.
It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare. The State shall develop a self-reliant and independent national economy effectively controlled by Filipinos.
The State recognizes the indispensable role of the private sector, encourages private enterprise, and provides incentives to needed investments.
The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform. The State recognizes and promotes the rights of indigenous cultural communities within the framework of national unity and development.
The State shall encourage non-governmental, community-based, or sectoral organizations that promote the welfare of the nation. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building.
The State shall ensure the autonomy of local governments. The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law.
The State shall maintain honesty and integrity in the public service and take positive and effective measures against graft and corruption. Subject to reasonable conditions prescribed by law, the State adopts and implements a policy of full public disclosure of all its transactions involving public interest.
Bill of Rights[ edit ] Section 1. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures of whatever nature and for any purpose shall be inviolable, and no search warrant or warrant of arrest shall issue except upon probable cause to be determined personally by the judge after examination under oath or affirmation of the complainant and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.
No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances.The Philippine education system includes both formal and non-formal education.
The formal education is a sequential progression of academic schooling at three levels: legal basis for the decentralization of basic education management and governance to the level closest to the learners – the school and community.
Philippines Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) programmes Compiled by: (Philippine Family on the Air) was launched in The public day-care system is the largest provider of early childhood care and education services for 3- to 4-year-olds. THE CONSTITUTIONS. Article XIV Sections (5) Section 1.
The state shall protect and promote the right of all the citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. The Philippine Normal University (PNU) is a public research university in Manila, Philippines established during the early days of American colonial ashio-midori.comnt to Republic Act No.
, it is now funded and operated as a National Center for Teacher Education. Transcript of Legal Bases of Philippine Education. The law served as the legal basis for the creation of the University of the Philippines.
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. OF The Decree was a legal and formal recognition of teachers as professionals and teaching as a profession.
The examination for teachers in the elementary level shall consist of two (2) parts, namely: professional education and general education.
The examination for teachers in the secondary level shall consist of three (3) parts, namely: professional education, general education, and field of specialization.