A colonnade is a row of columns supporting an entablature and usually a roof. It can be attached to a building as in a portico or free-standing. In Ancient Greece, stoae long covered colonnades were open for use as public gathering spaces.
Art and Architecture One popular form of Greek art was pottery. Vases, vessels, and kraters served both practical and aesthetic purposes. This krater depicts Helios, the sun god, and dates from the 5th century B.
The arts reflect the society that creates them. Nowhere is this truer than in the case of the ancient Greeks. Through their temples, sculpture, and pottery, the Greeks incorporated a fundamental principle of their culture: Ancient Greek art emphasized the importance and accomplishments of human beings.
Even though much of Greek art was meant to honor the gods, those very gods were created in the image of humans. Much artwork was government sponsored and intended for public display. Therefore, art and architecture were a tremendous source of pride for citizens and could be found in various parts of the city.
Typically, a city-state set aside a high-altitude portion of land for an acropolis, an important part of the city-state that was reserved for temples or palaces.
The Greeks held religious ceremonies and festivals as well as significant political meetings on the acropolis.
Photograph courtesy of www. The Acropolis In ancient Athens, Pericles ordered the construction of several major temples on the acropolis. Among these was a temple, the Parthenon, which many consider the finest example of Greek architecture. Built as a tribute to Athena, the goddess of wisdom for whom the city-state Athens was named, the Parthenon is a marvel of design, featuring massive columns contrasting with subtle details.
Three different types of columns can be found in ancient Greek architecture. Whether the Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian style was used depended on the region and the purpose of the structure being built.
Many barely noticeable enhancements to the design of the Parthenon contribute to its overall beauty and balance. For example, each column is slightly wider in the middle than at its base and top. The columns are also spaced closer together near the corners of the temple and farther apart toward the middle.
Sadly, time has not treated the Parthenon well.
In the 17th century, the Turks, who had conquered the Greeks, used the Parthenon to store ammunition. An accidental explosion left the Parthenon with no roof and in near ruin. In later years, tourists hauled away pieces of the Parthenon as vacation souvenirs.
Beauty in the Human Form Ancient Greek sculptures were typically made of either stone or wood and very few of them survive to this day. Most Greek sculpture was of the freestanding, human form even if the statue was of a god and many sculptures were nudes.
The Greeks saw beauty in the naked human body. Early Greek statues called kouros were rigid and stood up straight. Over time, Greek statuary adopted a more natural, relaxed pose with hips thrust to one side, knees and arms slightly bent, and the head turned to one side.
Other sculptures depicted human action, especially athletics. The piece, called "Diana of Versailles," depicts the goddess of the hunt reaching for an arrow while a stag leaps next to her.
Among the most famous Greek statues is the Venus de Milo, which was created in the second century B. The sculptor is unknown, though many art historians believe Praxiteles to have created the piece.
This sculpture embodies the Greek ideal of beauty. The ancient Greeks also painted, but very little of their work remains. The most enduring paintings were those found decorating ceramic pottery. Two major styles include red figure against a black background and black figure against a red background pottery.
The pictures on the pottery often depicted heroic and tragic stories of gods and humans. Browse around this page for anything about art and architecture. Use the search engine on the left or take a look at the catalogs, which cover everything from coins to vases.
The beautiful structure was built to honor Artemis, the goddess of nature and hunting.Information on Ancient Greek Art & Architecture. Erechtheum - temple from the middle classical period of Greek art and architecture, built on the Acropolis of Athens between and BC.
The Erechtheum contained sanctuaries to Athena Polias, Poseidon, and Erechtheus. Sacred architecture (also known as religious architecture) is a religious architectural practice concerned with the design and construction of places of worship or sacred or intentional space, such as churches, mosques, stupas, synagogues, and temples.
Many cultures devoted considerable resources to their sacred architecture and places of worship.
Through their temples, sculpture, and pottery, the Greeks incorporated a fundamental principle of their culture: arete. To the Greeks, arete meant excellence and reaching one's full potential.
Ancient Greek art emphasized the importance and accomplishments of human beings. The ancient Greeks had a strong cultural influence on the Roman Empire, though the Romans did manage to take this influence and make it into something all their own.
Greek influence on Roman culture is clear in areas such as religion, art and architecture, . Students will be able to *describe how Greek lives were influenced by religion, the arts, and architecture Contents.
1 Key Terms to Know; 2 To honor their gods and goddesses, ancient Greeks practiced rituals to please them and to ensure their good fortune. In what ways are the religious beliefs of the ancient Greeks like some religious.
Greeks Religious Beliefs Affected Their Art And Architecture. The impact of Ancient Greek art on modern society Ancient Greek art and architecture has earned recognition all throughout the world for its exquisite artistry and its profound effect throughout the ages.
Ancient Greece was a civilization that took great pride in perfection, excellence .