In a broader sense, approaches refer to the method, paradigm and a recognizable manner of looking into a particular issue or subject matter. By inference, approaches to the study of politics and political system refer to the method in which politics is being studied and the tools of analysis employed by a given approach.
What are the different approaches for Studying Politics? There is no unanimity about the way politics should be studied. Over the years opinions on this have varied. For a long time politics was considered as coming within the scope of Philosophy, History or Law.
However, in the late 19th century, there took place a shift in this view. An attempt was initiated to make the study of politics scientific. The philosophical tradition of politics gradually yielded to the scientific tradition of politics.
Emphasis was shifted from political norms and values to political behaviour. Since late 19th century, behaviouralism has dominated the study of politics. However, of late, emphasis on values in the study of politics has been revived. It is now realized that while scientific method is useful for studying politics, the study of politics would be directionless and meaningless if it does not aim at realizing some values.
There are a number of approaches to studying politics. The three important among them have been discussed here. The philosophical approach concentrates on the values which a political system should set for itself.
It emphasises that a political system should be based upon certain ideals and that it should strive to give shape to them.
Plato, the Greek philosopher, represented best this philosophical tradition of politics. He said that it was the duty of the philosopher-king to establish the ideal society based on justice. In the medieval period, this tradition was continued by Augustine and Aquinas.
The philosophical approach is also known as the traditional approach. It involves an analytical study of ideas and doctrines which have long formed the core part of political thought.
|Related Questions||Now, let us discuss the various traditional approaches: This approach is regarded as the oldest approach to the study of Political Science.|
However, this approach has been criticized on the ground that it cannot be scientific as it ignores objective reality. Though this approach took a systematic theoretical shape in the 17th century as a result of the influence of John Locke and David Hume, this approach is almost as old as the philosophical approach.
The first practitioner of this approach was Aristotle who studied a large number of constitutions in order to prepare a classification of constitutions.
Behaviouralism in politics has been a product of the empirical tradition. It focuses on the study of political behaviour. The philosophical approach is normative; it is based on values and norms. On the contrary, the empirical approach is based on ground reality. Further, the philosophical approach is prescriptive, because it makes judgments and makes recommendations.The methods and approaches to the study of Political Science or other social sciences are, therefore, different from the methods that are used in natural sciences like physics, chemistry or biology.
The various approaches to the study of Political Science can be broadly classified as - traditional and modern. The philosophical approach is also known as the traditional approach.
It involves an analytical study of ideas and doctrines which have long formed the core part of political thought. However, this approach has been criticized on the ground that it cannot be scientific as it ignores objective reality. Behaviouralism is an approach in political science, which emerged in the s in the United States.
It represents a sharp break from previous political science. This is because it emphasized an objective, quantified approach to explain and predict political behaviour.
THE TENETS OF BEURAUCRATIC APPROACH IN THE STUDY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION INTRODUCTION A bureaucracy is a way of administratively organizing large numbers of people who need to work together. Organizations in the public and private sector, including universities and governments, rely on .
The approaches to the study of politics and political system can be broadly divided into two, these are: the traditional approach and the modern approach. The modern approach is further divided into the behavioral approach and the post-behavioral approach.
POG Introduction to Politics and Governance, Section 1/2/3/4 F October 02 October 02 • • • • Review: Political regimes Approaches to the Study of Politics Ideas and ideologies Film: The Prophets and promise of Classical capitalism4/4(15).