Macbeth is very ambitious, courageous, and a moral coward: At the beginning of the play, Shakespeare portrays Macbeth as a hero, loyal to the king and fighting for Scotland; however, he is also very ambitious and power hungry.
All of his signatures are written in his native English script, which he would have learned as a young boy in school. For example, Edmund Spenser sometimes wrote his name out in full spelling his first name Edmund or Edmondbut often used the abbreviated forms "Ed: The three signatures on the will were first reproduced by the 18th-century scholar George Steevenswho copied them as accurately as he could by hand and then had his drawings engraved.
The facsimiles were first printed in the edition of Shakespeare's plays, edited by Steevens and Samuel Johnson. The paleographer Edward Maunde Thompson later criticised the Steevens transcriptions, arguing that his original drawings were inaccurate. By the later nineteenth century the signatures had been photographed.
Photographs of these five signatures were published by Sidney Lee. Those signed to the Blackfrairs mortgage had to be squeezed into the narrow space of the seal.
But then inthe discovery of the sixth signature on the Bellott v Mountjoy deposition changed all this. This signature was written with a free hand, and it was the key to an important part of the problem.
These pages contain abbreviations and contractions of words which were "in common use among lawyers and trained secretaries of the day. In addition there are in the three pages suggestions of a "tendency to formality and ornamental calligraphy. In the following line spoken by More addressing the mob: This is a reversed photograph of the ink that seeped through to the verso side of the page, the image was reversed so that the signature reads in the legible direction.
InGiles Dawson published a report cautiously concluding that the signature was genuine, and 30 years later he concluded that there was "an overwhelming probability that the writer of all seven signatures was the same person, William Shakespeare.
Among the evidence that Yeatman offers, is Collins' signature on the will itself. The body of the will, along with Shakespeare's own signature, are written in handwriting known as the secretary handwhereas the signature by Collins, particularly the initial letters, is written in a modern hand.
The difference between the two handwriting styles is primarily in the formations used for each letter of the alphabet. Yeatman then states that the last insertion regarding the second-best bed, is in a handwriting that "exactly corresponds with the signature below it.
The name of the lawyer "Francis Collins" as it appears in the body of the will. Collins' signature on the will. In manuscript expert Charles Hamiltoncompared the signatures, the handwritten additions to the play Sir Thomas More, and the body of the last will and testament. In his book In Search of Shakespeare he placed letters from each document side-by-side to demonstrate the similarities and his reasons for considering that they were written by the same hand.
First the entire will of three pages, then a revision on the lower half of the first page that runs over onto page 2, and finally the additions or bequests that are inserted between the lines. The lower half of page one, the part that was written later than page 2 and 3, shows a disintegration of the penmanship.
This problem worsens until the last written line, leaving his second-best bed to his wife, is almost indecipherable. The ink used for the interlinear additions is different from the ink in the main body of the will, but it is the same ink that is used by the four witnesses that signed the will.
Hicks or Hyckes regarding Lord Burghleyat a time when Southampton had not yet agreed to marry Burghley's granddaughter.
The letter is signed by the Earl of Southampton, but the body of the letter was written by someone else. It is dated 26 Junea year when it is thought that Shakespeare may have first encountered Southampton and had begun writing the sonnets.
Sams notices that the handwriting in the body of the letter is literally a secretary hand, and it resembles the handwriting found in the addition to Sir Thomas More by Hand D.
After close scrutiny of the letters and pen strokes in each, and referencing the detailed descriptions found in Edward Thompson's Shakespeare's Handwriting: A Study, Sams finds that there are enough similarities to merit further consideration.
This letter was written by Southampton regarding one of his houses that was in need of repair, and as Eric Sams points out, it was written at a time when Southampton was the recipient of sonnets written by Shakespeare that contained imagery suggesting the young lord might consider repairing his house: Her given name and surname were added on either side of her mark.
The deed of sale, written out apparently by a legal clerk, was witnessed and signed twice in different parts of the deed by William Shakespeare's daughter, Judith, who used for her signature a squiggle with two loops in it. Judith's given name and surname were written out on either side of Judith's marks, by someone who was not the clerk, or the witnesses or the signers.
Paleographer Charles Hamilton studied this document and found that Judith's surname as it is written out is so similar to the surname in Shakespeare's own signature as it appears on other documents, that it may be reasonable to consider that Shakespeare could have been there at the signing of the deed, and assisted his daughter as she made her mark.
Hamilton considers that there may be reasons for Shakespeare not witnessing the document himself.The Macbeth Literary Analysis & Devices chapter of this Macbeth by William Shakespeare Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study the storyline of this play and the literary devices.
Darkness imagery in Macbeth This essay will prove that in the play Macbeth, the author of the play William Shakespeare uses darkness imagery for three dramatic purposes. Those three purposes are, to create atmosphere, to trigger the emotions of the audience and to contribute to the major theme of the play.
Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Macbeth: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes. In Macbeth, William Shakespeare's tragedy about power, ambition, deceit, and murder, the Three Witches foretell Macbeth's rise to King of Scotland but also prophesy that future kings will descend from.
In the play, Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare, the characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are developed through the use of clothing, sleep, and blood imagery. Through the use of clothing imagery, Shakespeare exposes and develops the character of Macbeth. William Shakespeare's handwriting is known from six surviving signatures, all of which appear on legal documents — and from three pages of the handwritten manuscript of the play Sir Thomas More.
In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, we discover that Macbeth is a tragic hero. Macbeth is very ambitious, courageous, and a moral coward: all these things lead to his tragic death at the end of the play.