He admired stylish women, Impressionist art, an antique Lancia convertible and a racy Bugatti, and Chinese art from the Tang dynasty and was obsessed with pacifism, free speech, and privacy. Following the overnight success of his landmark war protest novel, All Quiet on the Western Front, Remarque was able to indulge numerous sensualistic tastes and escape the mundane hometown that he so vividly describes in his prose. A member in good standing of Gertrude Stein's "lost generation," Remarque, in life and literature, witnessed the cataclysm of the two world wars.
This Hollywood Titan Foresaw the Horrors of Nazi Germany First serialized in in the German newspaper Vossische Zeitunghe, the book was published on January 31,and instantly became a literary juggernaut.
Abroad, All Quiet on the Western Front was a big hit as well, sellingcopies in both Britain and France, andin America. All Quiet on the Western Front is, as most American high school students know, the story of a company of volunteer German soldiers stationed behind the front lines in the last weeks of World War I.
Limbs are lost, horses are destroyed, starving soldiers root through garbage for food, the troops are ravaged by poison gas and artillery bombs, and few make it out alive.
Wikimedia Commons Ironically it was this very humanity, and relentless political agnosticism, that made Goebbels see the All Quiet on the Western Front film as a threat to the Nazi ideology. It was a stunning victory for Adolf Hitler that gave his party seats in the Reichstag and made the Nazis the second-largest political party in Germany.
His leading campaign message, to unite Germany and make it strong again, resonated with voters in the midst of the Great Depression. All Quiet on the Western Front may have been the first runaway international bestseller, but its utter lack of pro-German propaganda and honest, downbeat look at war made the book a Nazi target.
Hitler refused to believe Teutonic soldiers could be anything but a magnificent fighting force, a nationalistic historical rewrite that took hold amongst the battered German citizenry. He dies in the famous scene reaching for the butterfly.
Unfortunately, the premiere was an animating moment in the history of Nazism, reclaiming the World War I memory not as meaningless slaughter, as Remarque says, but as a glorious noble German enterprise.
According to a Variety reporter, when then lights came up, the audience was too rattled or moved to disapprove or applaud. However, Goebbels correctly guessed that the theater would let its guard down during the December 5 showing. His surprise mob attack went far beyond the realm of boyhood fraternity pranks like mice and sneezing powder.
The projectors were shut down and in the chaos, savage beatings were handed down to moviegoers believed to be Jewish.
Goebbels, a tiny man with a clubfoot, had been unfit to fight in World War I and his physical rejection consumed him. His hatred of All Quiet on the Western Front was both a personal vendetta and one of the first major public displays of Nazi thuggery.
The main goal was simply to create chaos, to terrorize moviegoers, to rally support against the film. The embittered masses are violently against the Jews. In Vienna, 1, police surrounded the Apollo Theater and withstood a mob of several thousand Nazis trying to disrupt the movie, but vandalism and violence still erupted in the streets.
He sent a cable to Berlin newspapers, which ran as an ad, basically saying that the film was not anti-German and that it portrayed a universal war experience. Perhaps the most insidious part of the damage done was emboldening the Brownshirts to go after people where they live.
As Doherty eloquently puts it in his book: All the more reason to view the Nazi-instigated violence as the desecration of a sacred space. In his biography The Last Romantic, author Hilton Tims says Remarque was visited by a Nazi emissary prior to the premiere, who asked him to confirm that the publishers had sold the film rights without his consent.In , zealots burned Remarque in effigy in the Obernplatz, the ornate plaza facing Berlin's opera house.
That same year, in the company of books by Thomas Mann, Ernest Hemingway, James Joyce, Maxim Gorki, Bertolt Brecht, and Albert Einstein, All Quiet on the Western Front was reduced to ashes in front of the Berlin Opera House.
Ironically, Soviet Russia repeated the ban later in Use our free chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis of All Quiet on the Western Front.
It helps middle and high school students understand Erich Maria Remarque's literary masterpiece. ERICH MARIA REMARQUE All Quiet on the Western Front Translated from the German by A. W. WHEEN FAWCETT CREST This book is to be neither an accusation nor a confession, and least of all an adventure, for death.
Explanation: Paul dies on the most quiet day on the front. This is ironic because he has seen many more intense days. If it was "quiet" on the front, Paul's death was obviously forgotten which shows the theme of meaninglessness of death in the war.
Erich Maria Remarque was born in Germany in and drafted into the German army during World War I. His first novel, All Quiet on the Western Front, was . All Quiet on the Western Front (German: Im Westen nichts Neues, lit. 'In the West Nothing New') is a novel by Erich Maria Remarque, a German veteran of World War ashio-midori.com book describes the German soldiers' extreme physical and mental stress during the war, and the detachment from civilian life felt by many of these soldiers upon returning home from the front.