With the exception of the Heroic Age, each succeeding age was worse than the one that went before. Hesiod maintains that during the Golden Age, before the invention of the arts, the earth produced food in such abundance that there was no need for agriculture: When they died, it was as though they were overcome with sleep, and they had all good things; for the fruitful earth unforced bare them fruit abundantly and without stint. They dwelt in ease and peace.
Individuals are different in terms of their opportunities, physical and mental capabilities, financial and social statuses, and by other criteria. At the same time, most people live in societies—therefore norms regulating interactions and behavior in societies were developed.
Historically, these norms were often beneficial for the few privileged members of a society, while other people had to deal with mistreatment and violations.
This is where the concept of justice comes in. Philosophers were looking for a form of rule, or for a social organization that would embrace and satisfy the interests of all members of a society. Some of these philosophers—such as Plato, for example—saw justice in public ownership of all goods produced within a community; others believed an access to goods should be provided in accordance to the contribution a person had made to social affairs.
It may seem paradoxical, but even now the concept and the understanding of justice is debated. As an ethical category, justice can be defined as a principle of fairness, according to which similar cases should be treated alike, and a punishment should be proportionate to the offense; the same refers to rewards for achievements.
The Merriam-Webster Online dictionary defines justice as an impartial adjustment of conflicting claims or the assignment of merited rewards or punishments; the establishment or determination of rights according to the rules of law or equity. As a broader meaning, justice is defined as a conformity to the ideal of just or right doing.
Justice in its legal and ethical perspective can be defined as acting according to the ideal of fair-doing recognized in a particular society, and treating a person or his or her doings in accordance to this ideal and state laws. Breivik, the Norwegian terrorist who killed 77 people in July,was sentenced to 21 years of imprisonment The New York Timeswhich is unfairly unequal to the scale of the crime he committed.
Referring to justice in its socioeconomic aspect, it is rather difficult to provide an unequivocal definition, as most of them are closely connected to various political and economic doctrines. Simply put, justice can be defined as a way of allocating and distributing material and intangible benefits such as education, employment opportunities, access to political life in a society in a way that does not infringe or insult any individual.
Justice is a concept which can be understood in different ways, especially in its socioeconomic perspective.
Also, justice can be defined as acting according to the ideal of fair-doing recognized in a particular society, and treating a person or their doings in accordance to this ideal and state laws.
In its economical aspect, justice is a way of distributing material and intangible goods in a way that does not insult anyone. As you can see, justice is multifaceted. References Lewis, Mark, and Sarah Lyall.The Ring of Gyges, from the Republic, Book II "They say that to do injustice is, by nature, good; to suffer injustice, evil; but that the evil is greater than the good.
Plato's Works Essay examples Words | 8 Pages. Plato's Works In his works, Plato writes about truth, justice, and reality in full detail. The border between juvenile justice and criminal justice did not endure the juvenile court’s first century.
By the s, there was general disappointment with both the means and the ends of normal juvenile justice. Essay on justice essays What is justice? This may seem like a simple question to answer but for many in today's society it is not.
Individuals throughout society have their own distinctive explanation of justice. It is a word in which, to every person, has a different meaning.
Although "Justic. We will explore the common meaning of myth versus the academic meaning of myth, what are some of the common mythological themes, and the relationship between belief, knowledge, mythology, and religion. Myth is a word commonly used to describe "a widely . So the argument over what justice is goes on for some time throughout the Republic, only to lead to more unsolved definitions.
Later, they talk about Justice on a more wide scale basis, rather that a personal basis. Stating that what is best for the community may in fact be what is best for the individual.