This text is from the book Down Syndrome: Hassold and David Patterson.
Student Answers camiduffy Student Communication is the process by which people create and send symbols that are received, interpreted, and responded to by other people. A process is a series of stages or steps during which something is transformed.
The speaker initiates the message…and the listeners are those for whom the message was intended. Ideas, opinions, information, etc.
Symbols are the verbal and nonverbal signs used to represent thoughts, things, and actions.
The combination of symbols forms the message. Messages are sent through verbal and nonverbal channels, such as physical senses or media.
Noise or interference both internal and external may disrupt transmission of the message. Internal interference could be sleepiness, hunger pains, pre-occupations. External interference could be the sound of a snowplow outside the window.
Communication is symbolic and personal: We each have different fields of experience and use different encoding and decoding processes. The sender and the receiver are affected by the situation and context: The linear or historical way of looking at communication model is simple: If we add feedback, however, the receiver becomes the sender and the sender becomes the receiver.
The model changes from linear to transactional. The model starts with a speaker and some listeners. The message travels along a channel, as does feedback from the audience.
Interference can impede the communication process, and the situation the time and the place, among others can shape the message.
Communication is not static—and it is not the mere transmission of messages. Communication is both verbal and nonverbal, intentional and unintended. Three levels of communication are contained in messages. At the content level is the explicit subject and content of the message.
At the relationship level is the way the speaker views the status relationship with the other participants dominant, equal, or subservient. This is often revealed in tone of voice or word choice. At the affective level are the emotions, or how the speaker feels about the message, the participants, and the situation.
Select a topic 3. Identify your goal or residual message 4. Finalize your residual message 6. Develop and support your main points 7.
Structure main points 8. Plan introduction and conclusion 9.
Deliver No one starts from scratch—whenever we communicate with a goal in mind, we always organize our thoughts, adapt the message to the audience, and use feedback. Unlock All Answers Now.Expressive language (using language): The use of language through speech, sign or alternative forms of communication to communicate wants, needs, thoughts and ideas.
Note: Each stage of development assumes that the preceding stages have been successfully achieved. Language: Language is a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by which individuals express themselves.
This chapter discusses a comprehensive approach to speech and language treatment from infancy through elementary school, which considers the communication strengths and challenges for children with Down syndrome, as well as the specific needs of the individual child with Down syndrome.
8 Stages Of Speech Communication. and 25 days of age. The child I observed had speech difficulties and is currently being put onto a program to help him.
The aim of my observation was to observe the communicational skills of a child with speech difficulties through the use of language.
The Language Builder: Picture Noun Card set is a tremendous tool for teaching key language concepts to preschool age children; children and adults with autism, developmental delay, or speech/language delay; or to anyone first learning or re-learning basic language skills.
4. ORGANIZATION: Genocide is always organized, usually by the state, often using militias to provide deniability of state responsibility (the Janjaweed in Darfur.) Sometimes organization is informal (Hindu mobs led by local RSS militants) or decentralized (terrorist groups.) Special army units or militias are often trained and armed.